Wikipedia Edit-A-Thon at the Salk Institute

Jackie Liu

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Wikipedia Edit-A-Thon at Salk

It’s 2019 and women still remain underrepresented in the STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) workforce. Why is this still a thing? And what can we do?

Earlier this month, I participated in a Wikipedia Edit-A-Thon at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, co-hosted by the Salk Institute, SAID in Stem, SANDSWA, and 500 Women Scientists SD, and underwritten by the Salk Office of Equity and Inclusion. The purpose of the event was to address the continued gender disparity in STEM by disrupting the status quo and bringing women into the spotlight.

We spent the morning learning how to create and edit Wikipedia biographies for notable women scientists. By increasing the number of female biographies, we would increase the number of visible female role models for young girls to look up to. It’s a chain reaction that I was glad to be a part of.

Mackenzie Lemieux, research technician at the Salk Institute, head of SAID in STEM and event co-organizer, said she was pleasantly shocked by the huge turnout. To give an idea of just how many people participated in the event, the status quo wasn’t the only thing we disrupted. There were so many writers and editors at the event, the Wi-Fi network simply couldn’t handle our enthusiasm.

To give the internet a chance to catch up, we left our computers behind and filed into the auditorium to listen to keynote speaker, Pamela Cosman, PhD. Cosman is a professor in the Jacobs School of Engineering at UC San Diego. Although her research focuses on data compression and image/video processing, she also studies gender disparity in STEM.

“I was the only female in the department for almost a decade,” she said. The lack of female representation in engineering served as a driving force behind the sociology portion of her work.

During her talk, she explained a disturbing trend she and her team are finding. She analyzed over a hundred videos of engineering department job talks — presentations that candidates provide as part of the interview process for faculty positions. She found that the use of irrelevant and inappropriate information to introduce a speaker happens more often to women than men. In one example, she used a personal anecdote of a speaker introducing her by saying she’s the only scientist who has a swimsuit photo in a magazine. At the same time, an introducer is more likely to mention the candidate’s awards if the speaker is a man. Sadly, these aren’t the only trends she discovered.

Her video analysis also revealed that women were interrupted more often during their talks. In fact, she said the interruptions occurred so often that female candidates had significantly less time to finish their presentations. This loss of time caused candidates to deliver a weaker conclusion, which could potentially snowball into a less-than-stellar impressions that negatively affect consideration for the faculty position. Dr. Cosman uses her findings to help make policy recommendations to help diversify the faculty pool in engineering departments.

After Dr. Cosman’s talk, we eagerly returned to our computers to get cracking at the Wikipedia editing. Anila Madiraju, PhD, research associate at the Salk Institute, provided a brief tutorial on how to create and edit biographies. Then the fun began.

Several participants chose to edit existing biographies by adding new information to profiles, providing fact checking, or correcting grammatical errors. This improved the completeness of the existing female biographies. Others chose to create profiles that hadn’t made it to Wikipedia yet.

Tiffany Fox, vice president of SANDSWA, created a biography for Andromache “Mary” Papanicolaou, a woman who made a shocking and selfless contribution to the development of the Pap test. I’ll let you read more about her biography once it gets published on Wikipedia. As for me, I created a new page for Susan Abamyr, PhD, a developmental biologist at the Stowers Institute. She identified key genes involved in muscle fate and patterning — why a muscle becomes a hamstring versus a bicep. Sadly, she passed away in July, but her contribution to science will be remembered forever.

As a participant in the Edit-A-Thon, I felt empowered and proud to be improving gender equity in STEM. Although we still have a long way to go, events like this help give a voice to women. If you’re interested in contributing, you can start by creating an account on Wikipedia. Not sure who to write about? Try perusing this list of women in STEM, created by the event sponsors.

 

 

How to Use (And Not Abuse) Direct and Indirect Quotes, Part Two

two woman sitting on bench near the table
Photo by rawpixel.com on Pexels.com

 

This is Part Two in a two-part series on using direct and indirect quotes. Read Part One here.

By Tiffany Fox

Quotations (also known in journalism as direct quotes and indirect quotes) help to humanize science and often add much-needed emotional contrast. They provide a sense for the “characters” in our stories – what drives them, how they speak and how they relate to the world. Many times – especially when a source is particularly charismatic or cantankerous – the use of quotes can mean the difference between a stuffy, boring technical piece and a story that vibrates with life. But it’s important to know how to use quotes effectively, and for that, we offer these tips: Continue reading “How to Use (And Not Abuse) Direct and Indirect Quotes, Part Two”

Miniature Tornadoes and Other Joys of the Fleet Science Center

By Xochitl Rojas-Rocha

San Diego’s Fleet Science Center, it turns out, is full of delightful secrets as well as science.

The San Diego Science Writers Association turned out on a chilly January evening to start 2019 with a tour of the city’s popular science museum. We began with a brief overview of the science center itself, and then were released (and encouraged) to find a partner and play alongside the children at the exhibits.

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SANDSWA members check out the Fleet’s wood shop. Photo: Steve Murray

The fun bit about science is that you’re never caught up; there’s always something you haven’t explored. The exhibit floor was home to a display with alternating hot and cold coils that taught you about how your body senses differences in temperature; the iconic whisper dishes that demonstrate how a murmur can pass undisrupted over the heads of screaming children from one side of the room to the other; and even a display that uses vapor to show the formation of a tornado, in miniature.

Yet, the highlight of the tour might have been traveling behind the scenes to see how the museum’s IMAX dome theater worked. According to the museum’s website, where you can find a list of current showings, the theater screen can generate images nearly eight stories high. But it’s the machinery behind it all that is so surprising. Two huge reels have to be loaded with the physical film before the audience can enjoy their show. The projector itself is equally massive, and rises from the floor with a deafening rumble. No one makes this technology anymore, which makes the film itself incredibly expensive to replace if it’s damaged. The IMAX dome theater at the Fleet is the last of its kind.

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Original IMAX projector, ca. 1970’s. Photo: Lynne Friedmann

Moving into the future, the museum’s goal is to push for stronger connections between existing science education programs. Staff described an ongoing collaboration in Barrio Logan that provides the community with information on whichever topic they want to learn about, including nutrition. Also arriving at the museum in the coming months? An exhibit about the science behind magic — think levitation and invisibility. How would those magical acts work, if they were real?

The human brain loves newness, and so I love visiting places I’ve never been most of all. The tour of the Fleet Science Center was a treat. I’ll be coming back again, just to watch that IMAX projector in action!